Here is what Title P of the Criminal Procedure Law (Articles 500 et seq) will look like in the new year. The strike provisions have been removed and amendments inserted. ARTICLE 520 was repealed by the changes. ARTICLE 540 is unchanged and therefore not included here.

Article 500 RECOGNIZANCE, BAIL AND COMMITMENT – DEFINITIONS OF TERMS

§ 500.10Recognizance, bail and commitment; definitions of terms.

As used in this title, and in this chapter generally, the following terms have the following meanings:

1. “Principal” means a defendant in a criminal action or proceeding, or a person adjudged a material witness therein, or any other person so involved therein that the  principal may by law be compelled to appear before a court for the purpose of having such court exercise control over the principal’s person to secure the principal’s future attendance at the action or proceeding when required, and who in fact either is before the court for such purpose or has been before it and been subjected to such control.

2. “Release on own recognizance.” A court releases a principal on the principal’s own recognizance when, having acquired control over the principal’s person, it permits the principal to be at liberty during the pendency of the criminal action or proceeding involved upon condition that the principal will appear thereat whenever the principal’s attendance may be required and will at all times render the principal amenable to the orders and processes of the court.

3. “Fix bail.”  A court fixes bail when, having acquired control over the person of a principal, it designates a sum of money and stipulates that, if bail in such amount is posted on behalf of the principal and approved, it will permit him to be at liberty during the pendency of the criminal action or proceeding involved.

3-a. “Release under non-monetary conditions”. A court releases a principal under non-monetary conditions when, having acquired control over a person,  it  permits the person to be at liberty during the pendency of the criminal action under conditions set by the court,  which  shall  be the least restrictive that will reasonably assure the principal’s return appearance in court. Such conditions may include, among others, that the principal  shall  be  in contact with a pretrial services agency serving principals in that county; that the principal shall abide  by  specified restrictions  on  association or travel that are reasonably related to a risk of flight from the jurisdiction; that the principal  shall  refrain from possessing a firearm, destructive device or other dangerous weapon; that  the  person  be  placed  in  pretrial  supervision with a pretrial services agency serving principals in that county; that  the  person be monitored  with  an  approved electronic monitoring device.  A principal shall not be required to pay for any part of the cost of  release under non-monetary conditions, including, but not limited to, electronic monitoring.

4. “Commit to the custody of the sheriff.” A court commits a principal to the custody of the sheriff when, having acquired control over his person, it orders that he be confined in the custody of the sheriff pending the outcome of a hearing under article five  hundred forty-five of  this  title, as  to  whether the  individual shall be ordered into pretrial detention.

5. “Securing order” means an order of a court that either releases a principal under personal recognizance, or releases the principal under  non-monetary  conditions, all with  the  direction that the principal return to court for future court appearances and to be at all times amendable to the orders and processes of the court.

6.  “Pretrial detention”. A  county or superior court may commit a principal to pretrial detention if, after a hearing and making such findings  as  specified in  article five hundred forty-five of this title, a judge so orders detention.

7. “Application for recognizance or bail” means an application by a principal that the court, instead of committing him to or retaining him in the custody of the sheriff, either release him on his ownrecognizance or fix bail.

8. “Post bail” means to deposit bail in the amount and form fixed by the court, with the court or with some other authorized public servant or agency.

9. “Bail” means cash bail or a bail bond.

10. “Cash bail” means a sum of money, in the amount designated in an order fixing bail, posted by a principal or by another person on his behalf with a court or other authorized public servant or agency, upon the condition that such money will become forfeit to the people of the state of New York if the principal does not comply with the directions of a court requiring his attendance at the criminal action or proceeding involved or does not otherwise render himself amenable to the orders and processes of the court.

11. “Obligor” means a person who executes a bail bond on behalf of a principal and thereby assumes the undertaking described therein.  The principal himself may be an obligor.

12. “Surety” means an obligor who is not a principal.

13. “Bail bond” means a written undertaking, executed by one or more obligors, that the principal designated in such instrument will, while at liberty as a result of an order fixing bail and of the posting of the bail bond in satisfaction thereof, appear in a designated criminal action or proceeding when his attendance is required and otherwise render himself amenable to the orders and processes of the court, and that in the event that he fails to do so the obligor or obligors will pay to the people of the state of New York a specified sum of money, in

the amount designated in the order fixing bail.

14. “Appearance bond” means a bail bond in which the only obligor is the principal.

15. “Surety bond” means a bail bond in which the obligor or obligors consist of one or more sureties or of one or more sureties and the principal.

16. “Insurance company bail bond” means a surety bond, executed in the  form prescribed by the superintendent of financial  services,  in which the  surety-obligor  is  a corporation licensed by the superintendent of financial services to engage in the business of executing bail bonds.

17. “Secured bail bond” means a bail bond secured by either:

 (a)  Personal property which is not exempt from execution and which, over and above all liabilities and encumbrances, has a value equal to or greater than the total amount of the undertaking; or

 (b) Real property having a value of at least twice the total amount of the  undertaking. For purposes of this paragraph, value of real property is determined by either:

   (i) dividing the last assessed value of such  property  by the  last given  equalization rate  or in a special assessing unit, as defined in article eighteen of the real property tax  law, the  appropriate  class ratio established pursuant to section twelve hundred two of such law of the assessing municipality wherein  the  property is  situated  and  by deducting  from  the resulting  figure the total amount of any liens or

 other encumbrances upon such property; or

   (ii) the value of the property as indicated in a  certified appraisal report submitted by a state certified general real estate appraiser duly licensed  by  the department of state as provided in section one hundred sixty-j of the executive law, and by deducting from the appraised  value the  total amount of any liens or other encumbrances upon such property. A lien report issued by a title insurance company licensed under article sixty-four of the insurance law, that guarantees the  correctness of   lien search  conducted  by it, shall be presumptive proof of liens upon the property.

18. “Partially secured bail bond” means a bail bond secured only by a deposit of a sum of money not exceeding ten percent of the total amount of the undertaking.

19. “Unsecured bail bond” means a bail bond, other than an insurance company bail bond, not secured by any deposit of or lien upon property.

20. “Court” includes, where appropriate, a judge authorized to act as described in a particular statute, though not as a court.

ARTICLE 510 RECOGNIZANCE, BAIL AND COMMITMENT-DETERMINATION OF APPLICATION FOR RECOGNIZANCE OR BAIL, ISSUANCE OF SECURING ORDERS, AND RELATED MATTERS

§ 510.10 Securing order; when required; alternatives available; standard to be applied.

1. When a principal, whose future court attendance at a criminal action or proceeding is or may be required, initially comes under the control of a court, such court shall, by a securing order release the principal pending trial on the

principal’s personal recognizance, unless the court finds on the record that release on recognizance will not reasonably assure the individual’s court attendance. In such instances, the court will release the individual under non-monetary conditions, selecting the least restrictive alternative that will reasonably assure the principal’s court attendance. The court will support its choice of alternative on the record.

2.Notwithstanding the above, in cases where the people indicate that they intend to move for pretrial detention as set out  in article  five hundred  forty-five of this title, the court may commit the defendant to the custody of the sheriff or issue a securing order in accordance  with article five hundred forty-five of this title.

3. When a securing order is revoked or otherwise terminated in the course of an uncompleted action or proceeding but the principal’s future court attendance still is or may be required and the principal is still under the control of a court, a new securing order must be issued. When the court revokes or otherwise terminates a securing order which committed the principal to the custody of the sheriff, the court shall give written notification to the sheriff of such revocation or termination of the securing order.

§ 510.15 Commitment of principal under sixteen.

  1. When  a principal who is under the age of sixteen is committed to the custody of the sheriff the court must direct that the principal  be taken to and lodged in a place certified by the state division for youth  as a  juvenile detention facility for the reception of children.  Where such a direction is made the sheriff  shall  deliver the  principal  in accordance therewith and such person shall although lodged and cared for in  a  juvenile detention  facility  continue to be deemed to be in the custody of the sheriff.  No principal under the age of sixteen  to  whom the provisions  of  this section  may  apply shall be detained in any prison, jail, lockup, or other place used  for adults  convicted  of  a crime or under arrest and charged with the commission of a crime without the  approval of  the  state division  for  youth in the case of each principal and the statement of its reasons therefor.  The sheriff  shall not be  liable for any acts done to or by such principal resulting from negligence in the detention of and care for  such principal,  when  the principal is not in the actual custody of the sheriff.
  • Except  upon consent of the defendant or for good cause shown, in any case in which a  new securing  order  is issued  for  a principal previously committed  to  the custody  of the sheriff pursuant to this section, such order shall further direct  the sheriff  to  deliver the principal  from  a juvenile  detention  facility to the person or place specified in the order.

§ 510.20 Application for  a change in securing order based on a material change of circumstances.

1. Upon any occasion when a court has issued a securing order with respect to a principal, the defendant or the people may make an application for a different securing order due to a material change of circumstances.

2. Upon such application, the principal or the people must be accorded an opportunity to be heard and to contend that  a different securing order must or should issue because, due to a material change in circumstances, the current order is either  too restrictive or not restrictive enough to reasonably ensure a defendant’s appearance  in court. In acting upon such an application, the court shall select the least  restrictive alternative  that  will reasonably ensure a court appearance.

§ 510.30 Application for securing order; rules of law and criteria controlling determination.

With respect to any principal, the court in all cases, unless otherwise provided by law, must impose the least restrictive kind and degree of control or restriction that is necessary to secure the principal’s court attendance when required. In determining that matter, the court must, on the basis of available information, consider and take into account:

  1. information about the principal that is relevant to court appearance, including, but not limited to, the principal’s activities, history and community ties;
  2. if the principal is a defendant, the charges facing the principal;
  3. the principal’s criminal record if any;  provided  that  the  court must also consider the time that has elapsed since the occurrence of the crime  or  crimes and the age of the principal at the time of the occurrence of such delinquent or youthful offender conduct;
  4. the principal’s record of previous adjudication as a juvenile delinquent, as retained pursuant to section 354.2 of the family court act, or, of pending cases where fingerprints are retained pursuant to section 306.1 of such act, or a youthful offender, if any; provided that the court must also consider the time that has  elapsed  since  the occurrence  of  the  crime or crimes and the age of the principal at the  time of the occurrence of such delinquent or youthful offender  conduct;
  5. the principal’s previous record if any in responding to court appearances when required or with respect to flight to avoid criminal prosecution;
  6. where the principal is charged with a crime or crimes against a member or members of the same family or household as that term is defined in subdivision one of section 530.11 of this title, the following factors:
    1. any violation by the principal of an order of protection issued by any court for the protection of a member or members of the same family or household as that term is defined in subdivision one of section 530.11 of this title, whether or not such order of protection is currently in effect; and
    1. the principal’s history of use or possession of a firearm;
  7. If the principal is a defendant, the weight of the evidence against the principal in the pending criminal action and any other factor indicating probability or improbability of conviction; or, in the case of an application for securing order pending appeal, the merit or lack of merit of the appeal; and
  8. If the principal is a defendant, the sentence which may be or has been imposed upon conviction;
  9. If the principal is a defendant-appellant in a pending appeal  from a judgment of conviction, the court must also consider the likelihood of ultimate reversal  of  the judgment. A determination that the appeal is palpably without merit alone justifies, but does not require,  a  denial of the application, regardless of any determination made with respect to the factors specified in this paragraph.

§ 510.40 Notification to principal by court of conditions of release and penalties for violations of release.

  1. Upon ordering that a principal be released on the principal’s own recognizance, or released under non-monetary conditions, the court must direct the principal to appear in the criminal action or proceeding involved whenever the principal’s attendance may be required and to be at all times amenable to the orders and processes of the court. If the principal is a defendant,  the  court shall also  direct the defendant not to commit a crime while at liberty upon the court’s securing order. If such principal is in the custody of the sheriff  at the time of the order, the court must direct that the principal be discharged from such custody.
  • If  the  principal  is released under non-monetary conditions, the court shall, in the document authorizing the principal’s release, notify the principal of:
  1. any of the conditions under which the  principal  is  subject,  in addition to  the  directions in  subdivision one of this section, in a manner sufficiently clear and specific to serve as a guide for the principal’s conduct; and
    1. the consequences for violation of those  conditions,  which  could include  revoking  of  the securing order, setting of a more restrictive securing order, or, after a motion and a hearing prescribed  in  article five hundred forty-five of this title, pretrial detention.

§ 510.41 Provisions regarding non-monetary conditions of release.

  1. Non-monetary conditions of release shall, for each individual, require  the  least degree of restrictions or required actions that will reasonably ensure the individual’s court  attendance.  At future court appearances, the court shall consider a lessening of the conditions or modification of conditions to a less burdensome form based on the  principal’s compliance with existing conditions of release.
  2. (a) Electronic monitoring of a principal’s location may be ordered only if the individual is charged with a felony, or a misdemeanor crime involving  a  person who is a member of the same household as defined in subdivision one of section 530.11 of this title, and if the court finds, after notice and an opportunity to be heard and an individualized determination explained on the record or in writing, that no other  non-monetary condition  or  sets of conditions will reasonably ensure a principal’s return to court. 

(b) The specific method of electronic monitoring of  the  principal’s location must be approved by the court. It must be the least restrictive method and procedure that will reasonably ensure the principal’s return to court, and unobtrusive to the greatest extent possible.

(c) Electronic monitoring orders shall be reviewed  at  least  every sixty  days to ascertain whether they are the least restrictive means of reasonably ensuring an individual’s court attendance and  whether  there are less burdensome methods of ensuring such attendance.

  • In the event of non compliance with the conditions of release, the court, upon motion by the people and only after affording the defendant and  defendant’s  counsel notice  of  the  alleged noncompliance and an opportunity to be heard, may revoke and modify the  securing order.  In determining  whether to revoke and modify the securing order, the court must consider the facts, nature, willfulness, and the seriousness of the noncompliance. The court may only set a more restrictive  condition  or conditions if it finds that such conditions are necessary to reasonably ensure the defendant’s appearance in court. 

§ 510.43 Court appearances; additional notifications. 

The court, or,  upon  direction  of  the court, a certified pretrial services agency, shall, in addition to verbal notifications during court appearances, make best efforts to notify all principals  released under recognizance  and under non-monetary conditions of all court appearances

19 in advance by text message, electronic mail, phone call or first class mail.  The chief administrator of the courts shall, pursuant to subdivision one of section 10.40 of this chapter, develop a form which shall be offered to the principal at the principal’s initial court appearance, by which the principal may select one such preferred method of notice.  The form shall be retained in the court file. In no instance, however, shall the principal’s  failure to  receive  such additional notifications in addition to verbal notification at court appearances, constitute grounds to excuse the principal’s failure to appear at court proceedings.

 510.45 Pretrial service agencies.

  1. Pretrial services shall be provided by a county probation department or nonprofit pretrial service agency. The department or agency mustbe approved by the division of criminal justice services and   certified by the  office of  court administration. The department or agency will advise the court on a principal’s release on recognizance or under non-monetary conditions and monitor principals released under conditions of non-monetary release. The division of criminal justice services shall promulgate regulations for the operation of approved pretrial agencies, which shall include data collection and  reporting requirements on principals served. The office of court administration shall maintain a listing on its public website identifying each pretrial services agency so certified in the state. A county shall be authorized to enter into a contract with another  county or  municipality  to  provide  pretrial services.
  2. Any criteria, instrument, or tool used to inform a pretrial service agency’s recommendation to the court about pretrial conditions shall be made available to the principal and the principal’s counsel. Any criteria, instrument or tool used may consider risk of failing to appear in court and shall not contain a   measure of a person’s general risk to public safety. Any blank form of the criteria, instrument or tool used in the county  for  such purpose shall be made available to any person promptly upon request. If scores are calculated to predict the risk of failure to appear,  the  scoring formula shall be  made available. Any tool used to predict failure to appear shall be periodically validated, with validation studies available upon request.

§ 510.50 Enforcement of securing order.

When the attendance of a principal confined in the custody of the sheriff is required at the criminal action or proceeding at a particular time and place, the court may compel such attendance by directing the sheriff to produce such principal at such time and place. If the principal is at liberty on the principal’s own recognizance or non-monetary conditions, the principal’s attendance may be achieved or compelled by various methods, including notification and the issuance of a bench warrant, prescribed by law in provisions governing such matters with respect to the particular kind of action or proceeding involved.

ARTICLE 530

SECURING ORDERS WITH RESPECT TO DEFENDANTS IN CRIMINAL ACTIONS AND

PROCEEDINGS – WHEN AND BY WHAT COURTS AUTHORIZED

§ 530.10 Securing orders; in general. 

Under circumstances prescribed in this article, a court, upon application of a defendant charged with or convicted of an offense, is to issue a securing order for the release or prospective release of such defendant during the pendency of either:

1. A criminal action based upon such charge; or

2. An appeal taken by the defendant from a judgment of conviction or a sentence or from an order of an intermediate appellate court affirming or modifying a judgment of conviction or a sentence.

§ 530.11 Procedures for family offense matters.

1. Jurisdiction.  The family court and the criminal courts shall have concurrent jurisdiction over any proceeding concerning acts which  would constitute   disorderly  conduct,   harassment  in  the  first degree, harassment in the second degree, aggravated  harassment in  the  second degree,  sexual misconduct, forcible touching, sexual abuse in the third degree, sexual abuse in the second degree as set  forth in  subdivision one  of section  130.60 of the penal law, stalking in the first degree, stalking in the second degree, stalking in the third degree, stalking in the fourth degree, criminal mischief, menacing  in the  second  degree, menacing  in the  third degree, reckless endangerment, strangulation in the first  degree,  strangulation in  the  second  degree,   criminal obstruction  of breathing  or  blood circulation, assault in the second degree, assault in the third degree  or  an attempted  assault  between spouses  or former  spouses,  or between  parent  and child or between members of the same family or household except that  if  the respondent would not be criminally responsible by reason of age pursuant to section 30.00  of  the penal  law,  then the family court shall have exclusive jurisdiction  over such  proceeding.  Notwithstanding  a complainant’s election  to  proceed in  family court, the criminal court shall not be divested of jurisdiction to hear a family offense proceeding pursuant to this  section.  For purposes  of  this section,  “disorderly  conduct” includes  disorderly conduct not in a public place. For purposes of this section, “members of the same family or household”  with  respect to  a proceeding in the criminal courts shall mean the following:

   (a) persons related by consanguinity or affinity;

   (b) persons legally married to one another;

   (c) persons formerly married to one another regardless of whether they still reside in the same household;

   (d)  persons  who have  a child in common, regardless of whether such

 persons have been married or have lived together at any time; and

   (e) persons who are not related by consanguinity or affinity  and who are  or have been in an intimate relationship regardless of whether such persons have lived together at any time. Factors the court may  consider in  determining  whether a  relationship  is an “intimate relationship” include but are not limited to: the  nature  or type  of  relationship, regardless  of whether  the  relationship is  sexual  in nature;  the frequency of interaction between the persons; and the duration  of  the relationship.  Neither a casual acquaintance nor ordinary fraternization between two individuals in business or social contexts shall  be deemed to constitute an “intimate relationship”.

2. Information  to petitioner or complainant. The chief administrator of the courts  shall  designate the  appropriate  probation officers, warrant  officers,  sheriffs, police officers, district attorneys or any other law enforcement officials, to inform any petitioner or complainant bringing a proceeding under  this  section before  such  proceeding is commenced,  of  the procedures  available for the institution of family offense proceedings, including but not limited to the following:

(a) That there is  concurrent  jurisdiction with  respect  to family offenses in both family court and the criminal courts;

(b)  That a  family court proceeding is a civil proceeding and is for the purpose of attempting to stop the violence,  end  family disruption and  obtain  protection. That  referrals  for counseling, or counseling

  services, are available through probation for this purpose;

(c) That a proceeding in the criminal courts is for  the  purpose of prosecution  of  the offender and can result in a criminal conviction of the offender;

(d) That a proceeding or action subject to  the  provisions of  this section  is initiated  at  the time  of  the filing  of an accusatory  instrument or family court petition, not  at the  time  of arrest,  or

  request for arrest, if any;

(f) That an arrest may precede the commencement of a family court or a criminal  court proceeding,  but  an arrest  is  not a requirement for commencing either proceeding.

(h) At such time as the complainant first appears before the court  on a complaint or information, the court shall advise the complainant that the complainant may: continue with the proceeding in criminal court;  or have  the  allegations  contained therein  heard  in  a  family court proceeding; or proceed concurrently in both criminal and  family court. Notwithstanding a complainant’s election to proceed in family court, the criminal  court  shall not be divested of jurisdiction to hear a family offense proceeding pursuant to this section;

(i) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit or restrict  complainant’s rights  to proceed  directly  and without  court  referral in either a criminal or family court, or  both,  as provided  for  in section  one hundred  fifteen of  the  family court  act and section 100.07 of this chapter;

2-a. Upon the filing of an accusatory instrument charging a crime  or  violation described  in subdivision one of this section between members of the same family or household, as  such terms  are  defined in  this section,  or  as soon as the complainant first appears before the court, whichever is sooner, the court shall advise the complainant of the right to proceed in both the criminal and family courts, pursuant to  section 100.07 of this chapter.

3. Official  responsibility.  No official or other person designated pursuant to subdivision two of this section shall discourage or  prevent any person who wishes to file a petition or sign a complaint from having access to any court for that purpose.

4.  When a person is arrested for an alleged family offense or an alleged violation of an order of protection or temporary order of protection or arrested pursuant to a warrant issued by the supreme or family court, and the supreme or family court, as applicable, is not in session, such person shall be brought before a local criminal court in the county of arrest or in the county in which such warrant is returnable pursuant to article one hundred twenty of this chapter. Such local criminal court may issue any order authorized under subdivision eleven of section 530.12 of this article, section one hundred fifty-four-d or one hundred fifty-five of the family court act or subdivision three-b of section two hundred forty or subdivision two-a of section two hundred fifty-two of the domestic relations law, in addition to discharging other arraignment responsibilities as set forth in this chapter. In making such order, the local criminal court shall consider the securing  order, if any, made by the supreme or family court as indicated on the warrant or certificate of warrant. Unless the petitioner or complainant requests otherwise, the court, in addition to scheduling further criminal proceedings, if any, regarding such alleged family offense or violation allegation, shall make such matter returnable in the supreme or family court, as applicable, on the next day such court is in session.

§ 530.12 Protection for victims of family offenses.

  1. When  a  criminal action is pending involving a complaint charging any crime or violation between  spouses,  former spouses,  parent  and child, or between members of the same family or household, as members of the  same  family or household are defined in subdivision one of section 530.11 of this article, the court,  in addition  to  any other  powers  conferred upon  it  by this  chapter  may issue  a temporary order of protection  in  conjunction with  any  securing order  committing  the defendant to  the custody of the sheriff or as a condition of any order of recognizance or bail or an adjournment in contemplation of dismissal.

(a) In addition to any other conditions, such an order may require the defendant: 

(1) to stay away from the home, school, business or place  of employment  of the  family  or household  member  or of any designated witness, provided that the court shall make a determination, and  shall state such determination in a written decision or on the record, whether to  impose a  condition  pursuant to this paragraph, provided further, however, that failure to make such a determination shall not affect  the validity   of such  temporary  order of  protection.  In making  such determination, the court shall consider, but shall  not  be limited  to consideration of, whether the temporary order of protection is likely to achieve  its purpose in the absence of such a condition, conduct subject to prior orders of protection, prior incidents of abuse, past or present injury, threats, drug or alcohol abuse, and access to weapons;

(2) to permit a parent, or a person entitled to visitation by a  court order or a separation agreement, to visit the child at stated periods;

(3) to  refrain  from committing  a  family offense,  as defined in subdivision one of section 530.11  of  this article,  or  any criminal offense  against  the child or against the family or household member or against any person to whom custody of the  child is  awarded,  or from harassing, intimidating or threatening such persons;

(4) to  refrain  from acts  of commission or omission that create an unreasonable risk to the health, safety and welfare of a  child, family or household member’s life or health;

(5) to  permit  a designated  party  to enter the residence during a specified period of time in order to remove personal belongings  not  in issue in this proceeding or in any other proceeding or action under this chapter, the family court act or the domestic relations law;

(6) (A)  to  refrain from intentionally injuring or killing, without justification, any companion animal the defendant knows  to  be owned, possessed,  leased, kept or held by the victim or a minor child residing in the household.

(B) “Companion animal”, as used in this section, shall have  the  same meaning as  in  subdivision five of section three hundred fifty of the agriculture and markets law;

(7) (A) to promptly return specified identification documents  to  the protected party,  in  whose favor the order of protection or temporary order of protection is issued; provided, however, that such order  may:

 (i)  include  any appropriate provision designed to ensure that any such document is available for use  as  evidence in  this  proceeding, and  available if necessary for legitimate use by the party against whom such

 order  is issued; and (ii) specify the manner in which such return shall

  be accomplished.

    (B) For purposes of this subparagraph, “identification document” shall mean any of the following: (i) exclusively in the name of the  protected party:   birth  certificate, passport,  social  security card,  health insurance or other benefits card, a card  or  document used  to  access bank,  credit  or other financial accounts or records, tax returns, any  driver’s license, and immigration documents including but not limited to a United States permanent resident  card and  employment  authorization document; and (ii) upon motion and after notice and an opportunity to be

heard, any of the following, including those that may reflect joint use or   ownership,  that  the  court determines  are  necessary and  are appropriately transferred to the protected party: any card  or  document used to access bank, credit or other financial accounts or records, tax returns, and any other identifying cards and documents.

    (b) The court may issue an order, pursuant  to  section two  hundred twenty-seven-c of the real property law, authorizing the party for whose  benefit any order of protection has been issued to terminate a lease or rental agreement pursuant to section two hundred twenty-seven-c  of  the real property law.

    2.  Notwithstanding  any other provision of law, a temporary order of protection issued or continued by a family  court  pursuant to  section  eight hundred thirteen of the family court act shall continue in effect, absent action by the appropriate criminal court pursuant to subdivision three of  this section,  until  the defendant  is  arraigned upon  an  accusatory instrument  filed pursuant to section eight hundred thirteen of the family court act in such criminal court.

3. The court may issue a temporary order of protection ex  parte upon  the  filing of an accusatory instrument and for good cause shown. When a  family court order of protection is modified, the criminal court  shall forward  a copy  of such modified order to the family court issuing the  original order of protection; provided, however, that where a  copy  of   the modified  order  is transmitted to the family court by facsimile or   other electronic means, the original copy of  such  modified order  and accompanying affidavit shall be forwarded immediately thereafter.

    3-a. Emergency  powers  when family court not in session; issuance of

  temporary orders of protection. Upon the request of  the  petitioner, a local criminal court may on an ex parte basis issue a temporary order of protection  pending  a hearing  in  family court, provided that a sworn affidavit, verified in accordance with subdivision one of section 100.30 of this chapter, is submitted: (i) alleging that the family court is not in  session; (ii)  alleging  that  a family  offense,  as defined  in subdivision  one of section eight hundred twelve of the family court act and subdivision one  of  section 530.11  of  this article,  has  been committed;  (iii) alleging that a family offense petition has been filed or will be filed in family court on  the  next day  the  court is  in session;  and (iv)  showing  good cause.  Upon  appearance in a local criminal court, the petitioner shall be  advised that  he  or  she  may continue with  the proceeding either in family court or upon the filing  of a local criminal court accusatory instrument in  criminal  court or  both.  Upon issuance of a temporary order of protection where petitioner  requests that it be returnable in family court, the local criminal court shall transfer the matter forthwith to the family court and shall  make the  matter returnable in family court on the next day the family court is in session, or as soon thereafter as practicable, but  in  no event more  than  four calendar  days  after issuance of the order. The local  criminal court, upon issuing a temporary order of protection  returnable in family court pursuant to this subdivision, shall immediately forward,  in a manner designed to insure arrival before the return date set in the  order,  a  copy of the temporary order of protection and sworn affidavit to the family court and shall provide a copy of such temporary order  of protection to  the  petitioner; provided, however, that where a copy of the temporary order of protection and affidavit are transmitted  to  the family  court by facsimile or other electronic means, the original order and affidavit  shall be  forwarded  to the  family  court immediately thereafter.  Any  temporary order of protection issued pursuant to this  subdivision shall be issued to the respondent, and copies shall be filed  as required in subdivisions six and eight of this section for orders  of protection issued  pursuant  to this  section.  Any temporary order of  protection issued  pursuant to this subdivision shall plainly state the date that such order expires which, in the case of an  order  returnable in  family  court, shall  be not more than four calendar days after its  issuance, unless sooner vacated or  modified  by the  family  court. A petitioner  requesting  a temporary  order  of protection returnable in  family court pursuant to this subdivision in a case in  which  a family court  petition has not been filed shall be informed that such temporary order of protection shall expire as  provided  for herein,  unless  the petitioner files a petition pursuant to subdivision one of section eight hundred twenty-one of the family court act on or before the return date in family court and  the  family court  issues  a  temporary  order of protection  or  order of protection as authorized under article eight of  the family court  act. Nothing  in  this subdivision  shall  limit or  restrict  the petitioner’s  right to proceed directly and without court referral in either a criminal or family court, or both, as provided  for  in section  one  hundred fifteen  of  the family court act and section  100.07 of this chapter.

3-b. Emergency powers when family court not in session;  modifications of  orders of  protection  or temporary orders of protection. Upon the request of the petitioner, a local criminal court may  on  an  ex  parte basis modify  a  temporary order  of protection or order of protection which has been issued under article four, five,  six or  eight  of  the family  court  act pending  a  hearing in family court, provided that a sworn affidavit verified in accordance with subdivision one  of section 100.30  of this chapter is submitted: (i) alleging that the family court is not in session and (ii) showing good cause, including a showing  that the existing order is insufficient for the purposes of protection of the petitioner,  the  petitioner’s child or children or other members of the petitioner’s family or household. The local criminal  court shall  make  the matter regarding the modification of the order returnable in family  court on the next day the  family court  is  in session,  or  as soon thereafter  as practicable, but in no event more than four calendar days after issuance of  the  modified  order. The  court  shall immediately forward a copy of the modified order, if any, and sworn affidavit to the family  court  and shall provide a copy of such modified order, if any, and affidavit to the petitioner; provided, however, that where copies of such modified order and affidavit are transmitted to the family court by facsimile or  other electronic  means,  the original  copies  of such

  modified order  and  affidavit shall  be forwarded to the family court   immediately thereafter. Any modified temporary order  of  protection or   order  of protection issued pursuant to this subdivision shall be issued   to the respondent and copies shall be filed as required in  subdivisions   six and  eight of this section for orders of protection issued pursuant   to this section.     

4. The court may issue or extend a temporary order of  protection  ex   parte or on notice simultaneously with the issuance of a warrant for the   arrest of defendant. Such temporary order of protection may continue in   effect until the  day  the defendant  subsequently  appears in  court   pursuant to such warrant or voluntarily or otherwise.     

5.  Upon sentencing on a conviction for any crime or  violation  between   spouses, between  a  parent and  child, or between members of the same   family or household as defined in subdivision one of section 530.11  of   this article,  the  court may  in  addition to any other disposition,   including a conditional discharge  or  youthful offender  adjudication,   enter an order of protection. Where a temporary order of protection was   issued, the court shall state on the record the reasons for  issuing  or   not issuing an order of protection. The duration of such an order shall   be fixed by the court and, in the case of a felony conviction, shall not exceed the greater of: (i) five years from the date of such  sentencing,   or (ii) three years from the date of the expiration of the maximum term   of an indeterminate sentence of imprisonment actually imposed; or in the   case of a conviction for a class A misdemeanor, shall not exceed  three   years from  the date of such sentencing; or in the case of a conviction   for any other offense, shall not  exceed  one year  from  the date  of   sentencing. For  purposes  of determining  the duration of an order of   protection entered pursuant to this subdivision, a conviction shall  be   deemed to  include  a conviction  that has been replaced by a youthful   offender adjudication. In addition to  any  other conditions,  such  an   order may require the defendant:     (a) to  stay  away from  the  home, school,  business  or place of   employment of the family or household member, the other spouse  or  the   child, or  of  any witness  designated by the court, provided that the   court shall make a determination, and shall state such determination  in   a written  decision  or on  the  record, whether to impose a condition   pursuant to this paragraph, provided further, however, that  failure  to   make such a determination shall not affect the validity of such order of   protection. In making such determination, the court shall consider, but   shall not  be  limited to  consideration  of, whether  the  order of   protection is likely to achieve its purpose in the  absence  of such  a   condition,  conduct  subject  to prior  orders  of protection,  prior   incidents of abuse, extent of past or present injury, threats,  drug  or   alcohol abuse, and access to weapons;     (b) to permit a parent, or a person entitled to visitation by a court   order or a separation agreement, to visit the child at stated periods;     (c) to refrain  from  committing a  family  offense, as  defined  in   subdivision one  of  section 530.11  of  this article, or any criminal   offense against the child or against the family or household  member  or   against any  person  to whom  custody of the child is awarded, or from   harassing, intimidating or threatening such persons; or     (d) to  refrain  from acts  of commission or omission that create an   unreasonable risk to the health, safety and welfare of a  child, family   or household member’s life or health;     (e)  to permit  a  designated party  to enter the residence during a   specified period of time in order to remove personal belongings  not  in   issue in this proceeding or in any other proceeding or action under this   chapter, the family court act or the domestic relations law.     

6.  An order  of protection or a temporary order of protection issued   pursuant to subdivision one, two, three, four or five of  this  section   shall bear  in  a conspicuous manner the term “order of protection” or   “temporary order of protection” as the case may be and a copy  shall  be   filed by the clerk of the court with the sheriff’s office in the county   in which the complainant resides, or, if the complainant resides  within   a city, with the police department of such city. The order of protection   or  temporary order  of  protection shall  also  contain the following   notice: “This order of protection will remain  in  effect even  if  the   protected party has, or consents to have, contact or communication with   the party against whom the order is issued. This order of protection can   only be modified or terminated by the court. The protected party  cannot   be held  to  violate this  order  nor be  arrested for violating this   order.”. The absence of such language shall not affect the  validity  of   such order.  A  copy of such order of protection or temporary order of   protection may from time to time be filed by the clerk of the court with   any other police department or sheriff’s office having jurisdiction  of   the residence, work place, and school of anyone intended to be protected   by  such order. A copy of the order may also be filed by the complainant   at  the appropriate  police  department or  sheriff’s  office  having   jurisdiction. Any subsequent amendment or revocation of such order shall   be filed in the same manner as herein provided.     Such  order of protection shall plainly state the date that such order   expires.     

6-a. The court shall inquire as to the existence of any  other orders   of  protection between the defendant and the person or persons for whom   the order of protection is sought.     

7. A family offense subject to the provisions of this  section  which   occurs subsequent  to the issuance of an order of protection under this   chapter shall be deemed a new offense for which the complainant may seek   to file a new accusatory instrument and may file a family court petition   under article eight of the family court act as provided for  in section   100.07 of this chapter.     

8.  In any  proceeding  in which an order of protection or temporary   order of protection or a warrant has been issued under this section, the   clerk of the court shall issue to  the  complainant and  defendant  and   defense counsel and to any other person affected by the order a copy of   the order of protection or temporary order of protection and ensure that   a copy of the order of protection or temporary order of  protection  be   transmitted to  the local correctional facility where the individual is   or will be detained, the state or local correctional facility where  the   individual is  or  will be  imprisoned,  and the supervising probation   department or department of corrections and community supervision  where   the  individual   is   under  probation  or  parole supervision.  The   presentation of a copy of such order or a warrant to any  peace  officer   acting pursuant  to  his  or her special duties or police officer shall   constitute authority for him or her to arrest a person who has  violated   the terms  of  such order  and bring such person before the court and,   otherwise, so far as lies within his or her power, to aid  in  securing   the protection such order was intended to afford. The protected party in   whose favor the order of protection or temporary order of protection is   issued may  not  be held to violate an order issued in his or her favor   nor may such protected party be arrested for violating such order.     

9. If no warrant, order or temporary order  of  protection has  been   issued by  the  court, and  an  act alleged to be a family offense as   defined in section 530.11 of this chapter is the basis  of  the arrest,   the  magistrate shall  permit  the complainant  to  file a  petition,   information or accusatory instrument and  for  reasonable  cause shown,   shall  thereupon hold  such  respondent or defendant, establishing a securing order, or parole him or her for hearing before the family court or   appropriate criminal court as the complainant shall choose in accordance   with the provisions of section 530.11 of this article.     

10. Punishment for contempt based  on  a violation  of  an order  of   protection or  temporary  order of  protection  shall not  affect the   original criminal  action, nor  reduce  or  diminish a  sentence  upon   conviction for the original crime or violation alleged therein or for a   lesser included offense thereof.     

11. If a defendant is brought before the court for failure to obey any   lawful order issued under this section, or an order of protection issued   by a court of competent jurisdiction in another state,  territorial  or   tribal jurisdiction,  and  if, after hearing, the court is satisfied by   competent proof that the defendant has willfully failed to obey any such   order, the court may:     

(a) revoke a securing order and commit the defendant to custody; or     (b) restore  the  case to  the  calendar when  there  has been  an   adjournment in contemplation of dismissal and commit  the  defendant to   custody; or     (c) revoke  a conditional discharge in accordance with section 410.70   of this chapter and impose probation supervision or impose a sentence of   imprisonment in accordance with the penal  law  based on  the  original   conviction; or     (d) revoke probation in accordance with section 410.70 of this chapter   and  impose a sentence of imprisonment in accordance with the penal law   based on the  original  conviction.  In addition,  if  the act  which   constitutes the violation of the order of protection or temporary order   of protection is a crime or a violation the  defendant  may be  charged   with and tried for that crime or violation.     

12. The chief administrator of the courts shall promulgate appropriate   uniform temporary orders of protection and orders of protection forms to   be  used  throughout  the state.  Such  forms shall be promulgated and   developed in a manner to ensure the compatability of such forms with the   statewide computerized registry  established pursuant  to  section two   hundred twenty-one-a of the executive law.     

13.  Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions, an order of protection,   or temporary order of protection when applicable, may be entered against   a former spouse and persons who have a child in  common,  regardless of   whether  such persons  have  been married or have lived together at any   time, or against a member of the same family or household as defined  in   subdivision one of section 530.11 of this article.     

14. The people shall make reasonable efforts to notify the complainant   alleging a  crime  constituting a  family offense when the people have   decided to decline prosecution of such crime, to  dismiss  the criminal   charges  against the  defendant  or to enter into a plea agreement. The   people shall advise the complainant of the right to file a  petition  in   the family court pursuant to section 100.07 of this chapter and section   one hundred fifteen of the family court act.     In any case where allegations of criminal conduct are transferred from   the  family court  to  the criminal court pursuant to paragraph (ii) of   subdivision (b) of section eight hundred forty-six of the  family  court   act, the people shall advise the family court making the transfer of any   decision  to file  an  accusatory instrument  against the family court   respondent and shall notify  such court  of  the disposition  of  such   instrument and the sentence, if any, imposed upon such respondent.     Release  of a  defendant from custody shall not be delayed because of   the requirements of this subdivision.     

15. Any motion to vacate or modify an order of protection or temporary   order of protection shall be on notice to the non-moving  party,  except   as provided in subdivision three-b of this section.

§ 530.13 Protection of victims of crimes, other than family offenses.

  1. When any criminal action is pending, and the court has not issued a   temporary order  of  protection pursuant  to  section 530.12  of this   article, the court, in addition to the other powers conferred upon it by   this chapter, may for good  cause  shown issue  a  temporary order  of   protection in  conjunction  with any  securing.  In addition to any other conditions, such an   order may require that the defendant:

   (a)  stay  away from the home, school, business or place of employment of the victims of, or designated witnesses to, the alleged offense;

    (b) refrain from harassing, intimidating,  threatening  or otherwise   interfering  with the victims of the alleged offense and such members of   the family or household of such victims or designated witnesses as shall   be specifically named by the court in such order;

    (c) (1). to refrain from  intentionally  injuring or  killing,  without   justification,  any companion  animal  the defendant knows to be owned,   possessed, leased, kept or held by such victim or  victims  or a  minor   child residing in such victim’s or victims’ household. (2).  “Companion  animal”, as used in this section, shall have the same   meaning as in subdivision five of section three  hundred  fifty of  the   agriculture and markets law.     In addition to the foregoing provisions, the court may issue an order,   pursuant to section two hundred twenty-seven-c of the real property law,   authorizing the party for whose benefit any order of protection has been   issued to terminate a lease or rental agreement pursuant to section two   hundred twenty-seven-c of the real property law.

    2. The court may issue a temporary  order of  protection  under this section  ex  parte upon  the filing of an accusatory instrument and for good cause shown.

    3. The court may issue or extend a temporary order of protection under this section ex parte simultaneously with the issuance of a warrant  for the  arrest of  the  defendant. Such temporary order of protection may   continue in effect until the day the defendant subsequently  appears  in   court pursuant to such warrant or voluntarily or otherwise.

    4.  Upon sentencing on a conviction for any offense, where the court has   not issued  an  order of protection pursuant to section 530.12 of this   article, the court may, in addition to any other disposition,  including   a conditional  discharge  or youthful  offender adjudication, enter an   order of protection. Where a temporary order of protection  was  issued,   the court  shall  state on  the  record the reasons for issuing or not   issuing an order of protection. The duration of such an order  shall  be   fixed by  the  court and, in the case of a felony conviction, shall not   exceed the greater of: 

(i) five years from the date of such  sentencing,   or (ii) three years from the date of the expiration of the maximum term   of an indeterminate sentence of imprisonment actually imposed; or in the   case of a conviction for a class A misdemeanor, shall not  exceed  three   years from  the date of such sentencing; or in the case of a conviction   for any other offense, shall not  exceed  one year  from  the date  of   sentencing. For  purposes  of determining  the duration of an order of   protection entered pursuant to this subdivision, a conviction shall  be   deemed to  include  a conviction  that has been replaced by a youthful   offender adjudication. In addition to any other conditions such an order   may require that the defendant:

    (a) stay away from the home, school, business or place  of employment   of  the victim or victims, or of any witness designated by the court, of   such offense;     (b) refrain from harassing,  intimidating, threatening  or  otherwise   interfering with  the victim or victims of the offense and such members   of the family or household  of  such victim  or  victims as  shall  be   specifically named by the court in such order;     (c)  (1). to refrain  from  intentionally injuring or killing, without   justification, any companion animal the defendant  knows  to be  owned,   possessed, leased,  kept  or held by such victim or victims or a minor   child residing in such victim’s or victims’ household. (2) “Companion animal”, as used in this section, shall  have  the same meaning  as  in subdivision  five of section three hundred fifty of the agriculture and markets law.

    5. The court shall inquire as to the existence of any other orders  of protection  between the defendant and the person or persons for whom theorder of protection is sought. An order of protection issued under  this

  section shall plainly state the date that such order expires. Orders of   protection issued to protect victims of domestic violence, as defined in   section four hundred fifty-nine-a of the social services law,  shall  be   on uniform statewide  forms  that shall  be  promulgated by the chief   administrator of the courts in a manner to ensure the  compatibility  of   such forms  with  the statewide  registry  of orders of protection and   warrants established pursuant to section two hundred twenty-one-a of the   executive law. A copy of an order of protection or a temporary order  of   protection issued  pursuant  to subdivision one, two, three, or four of   this section shall be filed by the clerk of the court with the sheriff’s   office in the county in which such victim or victims reside, or, if  the   victim or  victims  reside within a city, with the police department of   such city. A copy of such order of  protection  or temporary  order  of   protection may from time to time be filed by the clerk of the court with   any  other police department or sheriff’s office having jurisdiction of   the residence, work place, and school of anyone intended to be protected   by such order. A copy of the order may also be filed by the  victim  or   victims at the appropriate police department or sheriff’s office having   jurisdiction. Any subsequent amendment or revocation of such order shall   be filed in the same manner as herein provided.

    6. In  any  proceeding in  which an order of protection or temporary   order of protection or a warrant has been issued under this section, the   clerk of the court shall issue to  the victim  and  the defendant  and   defense counsel and to any other person affected by the order, a copy of   the order of protection or temporary order of protection and ensure that   a copy  of  the order of protection or temporary order of protection be   transmitted to the local correctional facility where the  individual  is   or will be detained, the state or local correctional facility where the   individual is or will  be imprisoned,  and  the supervising  probation   department or department of corrections and community supervision where   the individual  is  under probation   or   parole  supervision.   The   presentation of a copy of such order or a warrant to any police officer   or peace officer acting pursuant to his  or her  special  duties shall   constitute  authority for him or her to arrest a person who has violated   the terms of such order and bring such  person  before the  court  and,   otherwise, so  far  as lies within his or her power, to aid in securing   the protection such order was intended to afford.

7. Punishment for contempt based upon a  violation  of an  order  or   protection or  temporary  order of protection issued under this section  shall not affect a pending criminal action, nor  reduce  or diminish  a   sentence upon conviction for any other crimes or offenses.

8.  If a defendant is brought before the court for failure to obey any   lawful order issued under this section and if, after hearing, the court   is  satisfied by competent proof that the defendant has willfully failed   to obey any such order, the court may:     

(a) revoke an order of securing order and commit the  defendant to custody; or

(b)  restore  the case  to  the calendar  when  there has  been  an   adjournment in contemplation of dismissal and commit  the  defendant to   custody or impose or increase bail pending a trial of the original crime   or violation; or     

(c) revoke  a conditional discharge in accordance with section 410.70   of this chapter and impose probation supervision or impose a sentence of   imprisonment in accordance with the penal  law  based on  the  original   conviction; or     

(d) revoke probation in accordance with section 410.70 of this chapter   and  impose a sentence of imprisonment in accordance with the penal law   based on the  original  conviction. In  addition,  if  the  act which   constitutes  the violation of the order of protection or temporary order   of protection is a crime or a violation the  defendant  may be  charged   with and tried for that crime or violation.     

9.  The chief administrator of the courts shall promulgate appropriate   uniform temporary order of protection and order of protection  forms to   be used throughout the state.   

§ 530.14 Suspension and revocation of a license to carry, possess, repair or dispose of a  firearm or firearms pursuant to  section 400.00 of the penal law and ineligibility for such a license; order to surrender firearms.   

1. Suspension of firearms license and ineligibility for such a license   upon issuance of temporary order of  protection. Whenever  a  temporary   order of  protection  is issued pursuant to subdivision one of section   530.12 or subdivision one of section 530.13 of this article:     

(a) the court shall suspend any such existing license possessed by the   defendant, order the defendant ineligible for such a license  and order   the  immediate surrender of any or all firearms owned or possessed where   the court receives information  that  gives the  court  good cause  to   believe that  (i)  the defendant has a prior conviction of any violent   felony offense as defined in section 70.02 of the penal  law;  (ii) the   defendant has  previously been found to have willfully failed to obey a   prior order of protection and such  willful  failure involved  (A)  the   infliction of physical injury, as defined in subdivision nine of section   10.00 of the penal law, (B) the use or threatened use of a deadly weapon   or dangerous  instrument  as those  terms  are defined in subdivisions   twelve and thirteen of section 10.00 of the penal law, or  (C)  behavior   constituting any  violent felony offense as defined in section 70.02 of   the penal law; or  (iii)  the defendant  has  a prior  conviction  for   stalking in  the first degree as defined in section 120.60 of the penal   law, stalking in the second degree as defined in section 120.55  of  the  penal law, stalking in the third degree as defined in section 120.50 of   the penal law or stalking in the fourth degree  as  defined in  section   120.45 of such law; and     

(b)  the court shall where the court finds a substantial risk that the   defendant may use or threaten to use a firearm  unlawfully  against the   person or persons for whose protection the temporary order of protection   is issued, suspend any such existing license possessed by the defendant,   order  the defendant  ineligible  for such  a  license and  order the   immediate surrender pursuant to subparagraph (f)  of paragraph  one  of   subdivision a of section 265.20 and subdivision six of section 400.05 of   the penal law, of any or all firearms owned or possessed.     

2.  Revocation or suspension of firearms license and ineligibility for   such a license upon issuance of an  order  of protection.  Whenever  an   order of  protection  is issued pursuant to subdivision five of section   530.12 or subdivision four of section 530.13 of this article:     

(a) the court shall revoke any such existing license possessed by  the   defendant, order  the defendant ineligible for such a license and order   the immediate surrender of any or all firearms owned or possessed  where   such action is required by section 400.00 of the penal law; and     

(b)  the court shall where the court finds a substantial risk that the   defendant may use or threaten to use a firearm  unlawfully  against the   person  or persons  for  whose protection  the  order of protection is   issued, (i) revoke any such existing license possessed by the defendant,   order the  defendant  ineligible for  such  a license  and  order the   immediate  surrender of  any or all firearms owned or possessed or (ii)   suspend or continue to suspend any such existing license  possessed  by   the defendant,  order  the defendant ineligible for such a license and   order the immediate surrender pursuant to subparagraph (f) of  paragraph   one of  subdivision  a of section 265.20 and subdivision six of section   400.05 of the penal law, of any or all firearms owned or possessed.     

3. Revocation or suspension of firearms license and ineligibility  for   such a  license upon a finding of a willful failure to obey an order of   protection. Whenever a defendant has been found pursuant to subdivision   eleven  of section 530.12 or subdivision eight of section 530.13 of this   article to have willfully failed to obey an order of protection  issued   by a  court  of competent jurisdiction in this state or another state,   territorial or tribal jurisdiction, in addition to  any  other remedies   available   pursuant  to   subdivision  eleven of  section  530.12 or   subdivision eight of section 530.13 of this article:     

(a) the court shall revoke any such existing license possessed by  the   defendant, order  the defendant ineligible for such a license and order   the immediate surrender of any or all firearms owned or possessed  where   the willful  failure  to obey such order involved (i) the infliction of   physical injury, as defined in subdivision nine of section 10.00 of the   penal  law, (ii)  the  use or  threatened  use of  a deadly weapon or   dangerous instrument as those terms are defined in  subdivisions  twelve   and thirteen  of  section 10.00  of  the penal  law,  (iii) behavior   constituting any violent felony offense as defined in section 70.02  of   the penal  law;  or (iv)  behavior  constituting stalking in the first   degree as defined in section 120.60 of the penal law,  stalking  in  the  second degree as defined in section 120.55 of the penal law, stalking in   the third  degree  as defined  in  section 120.50 of the penal law or   stalking in the fourth degree as defined in section 120.45 of such  law;   and     (b) the court shall where the court finds a substantial risk that the   defendant may use or threaten to use a firearm  unlawfully  against the   person  or persons  for  whose protection  the order of protection was   issued, (i) revoke any such existing license possessed by the defendant,   order the defendant  ineligible  for such  a  license and  order  the   immediate surrender  pursuant  to subparagraph (f) of paragraph one of   subdivision a of section 265.20 and subdivision six of section 400.05 of   the penal law, of any or all firearms owned or possessed or (ii) suspend   any  such  existing license  possessed  by  the  defendant, order  the   defendant ineligible  for  such  a  license and  order  the immediate   surrender pursuant to subparagraph (f) of paragraph one of subdivision a   of section 265.20 and subdivision six of section  400.05 of  the  penal   law, of any or all firearms owned or possessed.     

4.  Suspension. Any  suspension order issued pursuant to this section   shall remain in effect for  the  duration of  the  temporary order  of   protection or  order  of protection, unless modified or vacated by the   court.     

5. Surrender. 

(a) Where an order to surrender one or more firearms has   been issued, the temporary order of protection or  order  of protection   shall  specify the place where such firearms shall be surrendered, shall   specify a date and time by which the surrender shall be completed  and,   to  the extent possible, shall describe such firearms to be surrendered,   and shall direct the authority receiving such  surrendered  firearms to   immediately notify the court of such surrender.  

(b) The  prompt surrender of one or more firearms pursuant to a court   order issued pursuant to this section shall be considered  a  voluntary   surrender  for  purposes  of subparagraph  (f)  of paragraph  one  of   subdivision a of section 265.20 of the penal law. The disposition of any   such firearms shall be in accordance with the provisions of  subdivision   six of section 400.05 of the penal law.     

(c) The  provisions  of this  section  shall not be deemed to limit,   restrict or otherwise impair the authority of the  court  to order  and   direct the surrender of any or all pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns   or other firearms owned or possessed by a defendant pursuant to sections   530.12 or 530.13 of this article.     

6.  Notice. (a)  Where  an order  of   revocation,  suspension   or   ineligibility has  been  issued pursuant to this section, any temporary   order of protection or order of protection issued shall state that such   firearm  license has been suspended or revoked or that the defendant is   ineligible for such license, as the case may be.     (b)  The court  revoking  or suspending  the  license, ordering the   defendant ineligible for such a license, or ordering the  surrender  of   any firearm  shall  immediately notify  the  duly constituted  police   authorities of the locality concerning such action and, in the  case  of   orders of protection and temporary orders of protection issued pursuant   to section  530.12  of this  article,  shall immediately  notify  the   statewide registry of orders of protection.     

(c)  The court  revoking  or suspending  the license or ordering the   defendant ineligible for  such a  license  shall give  written  notice   thereof without unnecessary delay to the division of state police at its   office in the city of Albany.     (d)  Where an  order  of revocation,  suspension,  ineligibility or   surrender is modified or vacated, the court shall immediately notify the   statewide registry of orders of  protection and  the  duly constituted   police authorities of the locality concerning such action and shall give   written notice  thereof  without unnecessary  delay to the division of   state police at its office in the city of Albany.     

7. Hearing. The defendant shall have the right to a hearing before the   court regarding any revocation, suspension, ineligibility  or  surrender   order issued  pursuant  to this section, provided that nothing in this   subdivision shall preclude the court from issuing any such  order  prior   to a  hearing.  Where the  court  has  issued such an order prior to a   hearing, it shall commence such hearing within fourteen days of the date   such order was issued.     

8. Nothing in this section shall delay or otherwise interfere with the   issuance of a temporary order of protection or the timely arraignment of   a defendant in custody. 

§ 530.20 Securing order by local criminal court when action is pending therein.

When a criminal action is pending in a local criminal court, such 12 court, upon application of a defendant, must issue a securing order as follows: 

  1. Release the principal pending trial on the principal’s personal recognizance, unless the court finds on the record that release on recognizance  will  not  reasonably  assure the  individual’s court attendance. In such instances, the court  will  release the  individual under  non-monetary conditions, selecting the least restrictive alternative that will reasonably assure the principal’s court  attendance. The court will support its choice of alternative on the record. 
  • Notwithstanding  the  above,  in cases where the people indicate that they intend to move for pretrial detention as set forth in article five  hundred forty-five of this title, the court may commit the defendant to the custody of the sheriff or issue a securing order  in  accordance with article five hundred forty-five of this title.
  • Notwithstanding the above, in cases where the defendant is facing a charge  of  a  class  A felony, or it appears that the defendant has two previous felony convictions within the meaning  of  subdivision one  of section  70.08  or  70.10  of  the penal law; the court shall commit the defendant to the custody of the sheriff for the county or superior court to make a determination about a securing order within three days.
  • No local criminal court may order a securing order with respect to a defendant charged with a felony unless and until the court,  and counsel for the defense, have been furnished with a report of the division of criminal justice services concerning the defendant’s criminal record, if any, or with a police department report with respect to the defendant’s prior arrest and conviction record,  if any. If neither report is available, the court, with the consent of the district attorney, may dispense with this requirement; provided, however, that in an emergency, including but not limited to a substantial impairment in the ability of such division or police department to timely furnish such report, such consent shall not be required if, for reasons stated on the record, the court deems it unnecessary.

§ 530.30 Securing order by superior court judge when action is pending in local criminal court.

  1. When a criminal action is pending in a local criminal court, other than one consisting of a superior court judge sitting as such, a judge of a superior court holding a term thereof in the county, upon application of a defendant, may order a securing order when such local criminal court: (a) Lacks authority to issue such an order, pursuant to subdivision three of section 530.20 or (b) Has set a securing order of release under non-monetary  conditions which  are  more  restrictive than necessary to reasonably ensure court attendance. In such case, such superior court judge may vacate the order of such local criminal court and release the defendant on recognizance or under release with conditions, whichever is the least restrictive  alternative that  will  reasonably assure defendant’s appearance in court. The court will support its choice of alternative on the record.
  • Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision one of this section, when the defendant is charged with a felony in a local criminal court, a superior court judge may not [order recognizance or bail] issue a securing order unless and until the district attorney has had an opportunity to be heard in the matter and such judge [has] and counsel for the defendant have been furnished with a report as described in subdivision four of section 530.20.

§ 530.40. Securing order by superior court when action is pending therein.

When a criminal action is pending in a superior court, such court, upon application of a defendant, must order 

 a securing order as follows:

  1. Release the  principal  pending trial on the principal’s personal recognizance, unless the court finds on the record that release on  recognizance  will not reasonably  assure  the  individual’s  court  attendance.  In  such instances, the court will  release  the  individual  under  non-monetary conditions,  selecting  the  least  restrictive alternative  that  will reasonably assure the  principal’s court  attendance.  The  court  will support its choice of alternative on the record.
  • Notwithstanding the above, in cases where the people indicate that they intend to move for pretrial detention as set out  in  article five hundred  forty-five of this title, the court may commit the defendant to the custody of the sheriff, or issue a securing order in accordance with article five hundred forty-five of this title.
  • Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision one  of  this section, a superior court may not issue a securing order, or permit a defendant to remain at liberty pursuant to an existing order, after [he] the  defendant has been convicted of either: (a) a class A felony or (b) any class B or class C felony defined in article one hundred thirty of the penal law committed or attempted to be committed by a person eighteen years of age or older against a person less than eighteen years of age. In either case the court must commit or remand the defendant to the custody of the sheriff.
  • Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision one  of  this section, a superior court may not  issue a securing order when the defendant is charged with a felony unless and until the district attorney has had an opportunity to be heard in the matter and such court and  counsel for  the  defense have been  furnished with a report as described in subdivision four of section 530.20 of this article.

§ 530.45 Order of recognizance or bail[1]; after conviction and before sentence.

  1. When the defendant is at liberty in the course of a criminal action as a result of a prior securing order and the court revokes such order and then issues a more restrictive securing  order in a less restrictive form than fixed by the court in which the conviction was entered.
  2. An order as prescribed in subdivision one may  be  issued by  the  following judges in the indicated situations:
    1. If  the criminal  action  was pending in supreme court or county court, such order may be issued by a justice of the appellate  division of the department in which the conviction was entered.
    1. If the criminal action was pending in a local criminal court, such order  may be  issued  by a  judge  of a superior court holding a term thereof in the county in which the conviction was entered.
  3. An application for an order specified in this section must be  made upon reasonable  notice  to the people, and the people must be accorded adequate opportunity to appear in opposition thereto. Not more than  one application  may be made pursuant to this section. Defendant must allege in his application that he intends to take an appeal to an  intermediate appellate court immediately after sentence is pronounced.
  • Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision one, if within thirty days  after sentence  the  defendant has  not  taken an  appeal to an intermediate  appellate court  from  the judgment  or  sentence,  the operation  of  such order  terminates  and the defendant must surrender himself to the criminal court in which the judgment was entered in order that execution of the judgment be commenced.
  • Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision one, if  within  one hundred twenty days after the filing of the notice of appeal such appeal has not  been  brought to argument in or submitted to the intermediate appellate  court, the  operation  of such  order  terminates and  the defendant  must surrender  himself  to  the criminal court in which the judgment was entered  in  order that  execution  of the  judgment  be commenced or resumed; except that this subdivision does not apply where the intermediate appellate court has (a) extended the time for  argument or submission of the appeal to a date beyond the specified period of one hundred twenty  days,  and (b)  upon  application of  the  defendant, expressly ordered that the operation of the  order  continue until  the date  of the determination of the appeal or some other designated future date or occurrence.
  • Where the defendant is at liberty during the pendency of an  appeal as  a  result  of an  order  issued pursuant  to  this section,  the intermediate appellate court, upon affirmance of the judgment,  must by appropriate  certificate  remit the case to the criminal court in which such judgment was entered. The criminal court must, upon  at  least two days  notice  to the  defendant,  his surety and his attorney, promptly  direct the defendant to surrender himself to the criminal court in order that execution of the judgment be commenced or resumed, and if necessary the criminal court may issue a bench warrant to secure his appearance.

§ 530.50 Order of recognizance or bail[2]; during pendency of appeal.

A  judge who  is  otherwise authorized pursuant to section 460.50 or section 460.60 to issue an order of recognizance  or  bail pending  the determination  of an  appeal, may do so unless the defendant received a class A felony sentence or a sentence for any class B or class C  felony offense defined in article one hundred thirty of the penal law committed or  attempted to be committed by a person eighteen years of age or older against a person less than eighteen years of age.

§ 530.70 Order of recognizance or bail; bench warrant.   

  1. A bench warrant issued by a superior court, by a district court, by   the New York City criminal court or by a superior court judge sitting as   a  local criminal  court may be executed anywhere in the state. A bench   warrant issued by a city court, a town court or a village court  may  be  executed  in  the county of issuance or any adjoining county; and it may   be executed anywhere else in the  state upon  the  written endorsement   thereon  of  a local criminal court of the county in which the defendant   is to be taken into custody. When so endorsed, the warrant is deemed the   process of the endorsing court as well as that of the issuing court.     
  • A bench warrant may be addressed to: 
  1. any police  officer  whose   geographical area  of  employment embraces  either the place where the   offense charged was allegedly committed or the locality of the court by   which  the warrant  is issued; or 
    1. any uniformed court officer for a   court in the city of New York, the  county  of Nassau,  the  county of   Suffolk or the county of Westchester or for any other court that is part   of the  unified court system of the state for execution in the building   wherein such court officer is employed  or in  the  immediate vicinity   thereof.  A bench  warrant  must be  executed  in the same manner as a   warrant of arrest, as provided in  section 120.80,  and  following the   arrest,  such executing  police  officer or court officer must without   unnecessary delay bring the defendant before the court in  which  it  is   returnable; provided,  however, if the court in which the bench warrant   is returnable is a city, town or village court, and such  court is  not   available, and the bench warrant is addressed to a police officer, such   executing police  officer must  without  unnecessary delay  bring  the   defendant before  an  alternate local  criminal  court, as provided in   subdivision five of section 120.90; or if the court in which  the  bench   warrant is  returnable  is a  superior  court, and  such court is not   available, and the bench warrant is addressed to a police officer,  such   executing  police   officer  may bring  the  defendant to  the  local   correctional facility of the county in which  such  court sits,  to  be   detained there until not later than the commencement of the next session   of such court occurring on the next business day.     

2-a. A court which issues a bench warrant may attach thereto a summary   of the basis for the warrant. In any case where, pursuant to subdivision   two  of this  section,  a defendant  arrested  upon a bench warrant is   brought before a local criminal court other than the court in which  the   warrant is  returnable,  such local criminal court shall consider such   summary before issuing a securing order with respect to the defendant.     

  • A bench warrant may be executed by (a) any officer to  whom it  is   addressed, or (b) any other police officer delegated to execute it under   circumstances prescribed in subdivisions four and five.     
  • The  issuing court  may authorize the delegation of such warrant.   Where the issuing court has so authorized, a police officer  to whom  a   bench warrant  is addressed may delegate another police officer to whom   it is not addressed to execute such warrant as his or her agent when:     (a) He or she has reasonable cause to believe that the defendant is in   a particular  county  other than  the  one in  which  the warrant  is   returnable; and     (b) The  geographical  area of  employment  of  the delegated police   officer embraces the locality where the arrest is to be made.     
  • Under circumstances  specified  in subdivision  four,  the police   officer  to whom the bench warrant is addressed may inform the delegated   officer, by telecommunication, mail or any other means, of the  issuance   of the  warrant,  of the  offense charged in the underlying accusatory   instrument and of all other pertinent details, and may request  him  or   her to  act  as his or her agent in arresting the defendant pursuant to   such bench warrant. Upon such request, the delegated police  officer is   to  the same  extent as the delegating officer, authorized to make such   arrest pursuant to the bench warrant within the  geographical  area of   such delegated officer’s employment. Upon so arresting the defendant, he   or she must without unnecessary delay deliver the defendant or cause him   or  her  to be delivered to the custody of the police officer by whom he   or she was so delegated, and the latter must  then  without unnecessary   delay  bring the defendant before the court in which such bench warrant   is returnable.     
  • A bench warrant  may  be executed  by  an officer  of  the state   department  of corrections  and  community supervision  or a probation   officer when  the  person named  within  the warrant  is  under  the   supervision  of  the department of corrections and community supervision   or a department of probation and the probation officer is authorized  by   his or  her probation director, as the case may be. The warrant must be   executed upon the same conditions and in the same manner as is otherwise   provided for execution by a police officer.  

§ 530.80 Order of recognizance or bail[3]; surrender of defendant.   

At any time before the forfeiture of a bail bond, an obligor may   surrender the defendant  in  his exoneration,  or  the defendant  may   surrender himself,  to the court in which his case is pending or to the   sheriff to whose custody he was committed at the time of giving bail, in   the following manner:     (a)  A certified copy of the bail bond  must  be delivered  to  the   sheriff, who must detain the defendant in his custody thereon, as upon a   commitment. The sheriff must acknowledge the surrender by a certificate   in writing,  and  must forthwith notify the court in which the case is   pending that such surrender has been made.     (b) Upon the bail bond and the certificate of the  sheriff, or  upon   the surrender  to  the court  in which the case is pending, such court   must, upon five days notice to the district attorney,  order  that the   bail  be exonerated.    On  filing such  order, the bail is exonerated   accordingly.    

For the purpose of surrendering the defendant, an obligor  or  the  person who posted cash bail for the defendant may take him into custody   at any place within the  state, or  he  may, by  a  written authority   indorsed  on  a certified copy of the bail bond, empower any person over   twenty years of age to do so.    

At any time before the forfeiture of cash bail, the defendant  may   surrender himself  or  the person who posted bail for the defendant may   surrender the defendant in the manner prescribed in subdivision one.  In  such case, the court must order a return of the money to the person  who   posted it,  upon  producing the certificate of the sheriff showing the   surrender, and upon a notice of five days to the district attorney. 


[1]Should be changed to securing order

[2]Should probably be replaced with “securing order”

[3]Should probably be changed to “Securing Order”.